Gynecologic Oncology

Gynecologic cancer is a term that encompasses cervical, ovarian, uterine, and vulvar cancers. As a collaborative healthcare partner, CHI St. Luke’s Health combines compassion with advanced care to support women with gynecologic cancer throughout their journeys to better health. Our clinical and academic partnerships provide our cancer patients with access to some of the most advanced oncology research and treatments available.

Risk Factors & Symptoms

Each individual type of gynecologic cancer has unique symptoms and risk factors. However, all women are at risk for gynecologic cancer, and this risk increases with age.

Symptoms that could indicate gynecologic cancer include:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Itching, burning, or tenderness of the vulva
  • Changes in the color or skin of the vulva
  • Pain in the abdomen or back
  • Bloating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Pelvic pain or a feeling of pressure
  • Feeling full too quickly or other difficulty eating

Screening & Diagnosis

Of all gynecologic cancers, only cervical cancer has a true screening test: the Pap test. This test has greatly reduced the risk from cervical cancer because it is able to detect the disease at a very early, more treatable stage. Because the other types of gynecologic cancer have no screening test, it is very important to be aware of your body’s normal state to be able to detect any changes that could indicate a medical issue. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, talk to your doctor at CHI St. Luke’s Health.

To diagnose gynecologic cancer, your physician may order a variety of exams or testing, dependent on the area in question.

Treatment & Surgery

Surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy could be used in the treatment of gynecologic cancer. The expert team of gynecologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, and surgeons at CHI St. Luke’s Health will discuss the appropriate course of treatment for each patient based on the type of cancer, severity, and the patient’s overall health.