Endocrine Tumors

Endocrine tumors occur in the tissues of the endocrine system, which includes all the glands in your body that make hormones, such as the thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal gland, and pituitary glands. Tumors that form in this system include adrenal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors, parathyroid tumors, pituitary tumors, and thyroid tumors.

Risk Factors & Symptoms

Because there are several types of endocrine tumors, risk factors and symptoms may vary. Discuss any symptoms you experience with your physician so he or she can recommend appropriate diagnostic tests.

Some of the symptoms of endocrine tumors include:

  • Headaches
  • Change in weight
  • Unusual hair growth or acne
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Heart palpitations
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Bladder or bowel changes
  • Unusual anxiety
  • Muscle weakness
  • Change in sex drive or sexual function

Screening & Diagnosis

Your doctor may detect the presence of an endocrine tumor by ordering:

  • Biopsy
  • Blood and urine tests
  • Imaging, including a CT scan or MRI

Treatment & Surgery

Treatment for endocrine tumors is based on the location of the tumor, its size, and whether it is metastasizing. With consideration of these factors and your overall health, your doctor may suggest:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy