MRI is commonly used to study the chest, abdomen and pelvis because it provides more detailed information than a routine X-Ray. The radiologists are able to detect several conditions in the internal organs that will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of an illness. Many cancers such as lung, liver, and pancreatic are detected on a MRI and the cross-sectional images allow the radiologist to confirm if a tumor exists, measure the size of a tumor, detect the exact location, and to identify any surrounding tissues that may be involved. Early detection of a tumor can aid your physician in treatment options and planning. Frequently, MR is performed in conjunction with an administration of an intravenous contrast agent called Gadolinium. Gadolinium allows our radiologist to visualize certain organs and disease conditions by providing greater contrast between normal and abnormal tissues.
Physicians use the MR examination to help diagnose or monitor treatment for conditions such as:
- Tumors of the chest, abdomen, or pelvis
- Diseases of the liver, such as a liver mass, cirrhosis, and hepatitis
- Diseases of the pancreas
- Diseases of the adrenal glands
- Diseases of the small intestine, colon, and rectum
- Cysts and solid tumors in the kidneys and other parts of the urinary tract
- Tumors and other abnormalities of the reproductive organs (e.g., uterus, ovaries, testicles, prostate)
- Causes of pelvic pain in women, such as fibroids, endometriosis, and adenomyosis
- Suspected uterine congenital abnormalities in women undergoing evaluation for infertility
Your physician will give you detailed instructions on how to prepare for your MRI. Please inform your physician of any medications you are taking as well as any allergies you may have. Also inform your physician regarding a recent illness or other medical conditions.
Women should inform their physician if they are pregnant, or if there is any possibility they may be pregnant.