Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases in the arteries and veins that block blood supply to organs and muscles in the legs, arms, and stomach. This blockage is often caused by high cholesterol.

To treat PVD, patients may receive a balloon angioplasty or peripheral stent to open the vessel up again. Other patients may receive a peripheral vascular bypass, in which a surgeon will place an artificial vessel into the affected area to allow blood to flow, or bypass, around the blocked vessel.