Each time your heart beats, your heart valves open and close, allowing blood to flow into, through, and out of your heart in one direction. When the heart valves begin to fail, the heart beats harder to compensate for the reduced blood flow, leading to heart valve disease. In this case, the valve will need to be repaired or replaced.
At our Center for Heart Valve Disease, patients can receive a valve repair or replacement. Replacement valves can be mechanical valves (made from plastic, carbon or metal) or biological valves (made from human or animal tissues). Patients who have a mechanical valve need to be on a blood-thinning medication for the rest of their lives.