Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which you have too much glucose or sugar in your blood. The pancreas circulates the hormone insulin into the blood stream and creates a pathway for sugar to enter into your cells. The glucose or sugar is the energy that supplies your muscles and tissues that make up your organs. There are 3 types of diabetes type 1 usually begin in childhood or adolescents (linked to genetics), type 2 diabetes can develop at any age and is preventable, and the onset of gestational diabetes beginning during pregnancy. They have varying causes but the American Diabetes Association states 25.8 million US citizens suffer from it.

Facts About Sleep Apnea and Diabietes

  • The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimates that 40% of people with sleep apnea will have diabetes.
  • The IDF states that up to 58% of diabetes may have a some type of sleep disordered breathing.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea may have effects on glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes.
  • Screening diabetics for sleep apnea is beneficial as is screening sleep apnea patients for diabetes.
  • The treatment of sleep apnea reduces health risks, especially for those with cardiovascular disease (CVD).
  • In the treatment of sleep apnea, weight management should be the first treatment plan.
  • The optimal treatment for moderate to severe sleep apnea may be continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).

To find out if you have sleep apnea, talk to your doctor about the symptoms you have. Diagnosis of sleep apnea is determined by an overnight sleep study. This test looks at your sleep stages, breathing, limb movements, heartbeat, and oxygen level. A physician trained in sleep medicine studies the data from the test in combination with the history and physical from your referring doctor to diagnose and recommend a treatment plan. We recommend using an accredited sleep center to ensure appropriate diagnosis and recommendations are made.

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