What are the surgical techniques available to remove the donor’s kidney?

Laparascopic surgery is a specialized, less invasive procedure in which the surgeon places a small wound in the donor’s abdomen for a camera and surgical instruments and to remove the kidney. Laparascopic nephrectomy has better cosmetic results, usually has a quicker recovery period and a more rapid return to normal activities. Pain medications are generally needed for a shorter time.

Sometimes the donor is not a candidate for laparascopy because of the donor’s anatomy or surgical history. In this case an open approach, called Open Nephrectomy, is used to remove the kidney. With this procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the side or flank area which is larger than what is made during the laparascopy. There is generally more pain and a longer recovery associated with this procedure.